Horses are simple stomached (monogastric) herbivores whose digestive system requires them to be trickle feeders I.e. to eat small amounts in an almost continual manner.
The digestive tract is essentially a long tube of varying diameter which begins with the mouth and ends at the anus. It is more than32 metres long and in order to accommodate this in the body ,the intestines loop backwards and forwards on themselves several times.
In order to compete at registered events, competition horses need to have their annual vaccinations, which need to be administered and documented on your horse’s passport by a veterinarian. In South Africa, these vaccinations include the African Horse Sickness (AHS) vaccination, and the Equine Influenza vaccine. Some of us may still be uncertain as to when it is safe to vaccinate, what vaccinations should be used for AHS, as well as what precautions can be taken during the anticipated AHS outbreak season.
While malaria is the most important mosquito-borne disease in South Africa, there are also several mosquito-borne
viruses that also cause human disease.
Have you missed the safe vaccination period? Find out when it is safe to administer the AHS vaccine and what precautions you can take during an outbreak.
Citronella is the common name for a perennial grass, Cymbopogon nardus, noted for its blue-green tinge and lemon-scented leaves. It can grow up to 1.5 metres and is cultivated in Sri Lanka, India, Burma and Indonesia. It is related to the lemon grass used in Southeast Asian cooking.
Field and in vitro insecticidal efficacy ofalphacypermethrin-treated high density polyethylene meshagainst Culicoides biting midges in South Africa.
Efﬁcacy of alphacypermethrin-treated high density polyethylene mesh applied to jet stalls housing horses against Culicoides biting midges in South Africa
Affected horses present with acute-onset intense ocular pain or blepharospasm, lacrimation, severe chemosis and periorbital oedema.
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There are several types of fly that are of importance to horse owners.